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The ADL says a record number of anti-Semitic incidents were reported last year

Anti-Semitic incidents nationwide rose 36% in 2022, with 3,697 attacks, harassment or vandalism reported by the Anti-Defamation League, marking the highest number on record since the group began its annual audit in 1979.

The most recent report, released Thursday, found that anti-Semitic incidents are on the rise in all 50 states and Washington, D.C., with increases in every major category the ADL tracks from 2021. Anti-Semitic harassment increased by 29% to 2,298 incidents, anti-Semitic vandalism increased by 51% to 1,288 incidents and anti-Semitic attacks increased by 26% to 111 incidents.

Notably, ostensibly orthodox Jews were targeted in more than half of all assaults nationwide.

In 2022, 107 out of 111 – the majority of anti-Semitic attacks were carried out without the use of a deadly weapon.

A notable exception, a gunman Three congregants and Rabbi Charlie take Citron-Walker hostage January 2022 at Congregation Beth Israel in Colleyville, Texas. One hostage was freed and three others managed to escape after the rabbi threw a chair at the hostage-taker after an hours-long standoff with law enforcement. The hostages were physically unharmed, but in January They are still healing.

“We’re healing, we’re not healing,” Jeffrey Cohen told CBS Texas a year after the ordeal. “We’re getting there. I’m permanently changed. I’m much more aware of my surroundings everywhere I go. I’m much more on edge.”

Texas synagogue holds healing service after recent hostage situation at synagogue

Congregation Beth Israel Synagogue is shown on January 17, 2022 in Colleyville, Texas.

Emil Lippe/Getty Images

Last year, the ADL recorded one death as a result of anti-ADL activities — University of Arizona professor Thomas Meixner dieswho was shot and killed on campus by a former student who had previously expressed conspiratorial anti-Semitic views online, according to the ADL.

No attacks against the Jewish community in the United States last year resulted in mass casualties.

“Every anti-Semitic incident is committed by an individual… We don’t always know what’s on their mind,” said Arieh Tuchman, director of the ADL Center on Extremism. Tuchman says the center’s researchers refrain from speculating about motivations, but work to identify patterns in the data collected.

New York, California and New Jersey led the states for total incidents, followed by Florida and Texas.

The rise of white supremacist-driven anti-Semitism

“The biggest and most significant bucket phenomenon, which we’ve contributed greatly to the growth, is organized white supremacist activity,” Tuchman said.

Known white supremacist networks combined to produce antisemitic propaganda more than double this year, with 852 incidents reported in 2022, according to the ADL.

More than half of all publicity incidents collected by the ADL came from one group. The group’s “accelerating pace of anti-Semitic propaganda” accounted for 492 propaganda incidents in 2022. In one event, the following Semitic comments Rapper Ye, formerly known as Kanye West, group members displayed banners over a highway overpass in Los Angeles that read, “Kanye is right about jews (sic)” and “Honk if you know.”

“The impact of Yee’s comments was felt on the ground across the country,” the ADL report noted.

“From October 11 to the end of 2022, 59 anti-Semitic incidents directly mentioned Ye, including 44 incidents of harassment, 13 incidents of vandalism and two incidents of assault,” the report said.

“Tip of the Iceberg”: Bomb Threats, Harassment Plague Schools

In 2022, 91 bomb threats were called or emailed to Jewish institutions or schools, and they often included “hateful, anti-Semitic language,” according to the ADL. Threats were made in 25 states and Washington, DC

“We usually have about a dozen bomb threats (reported), so that’s a significant trend that we need to watch now,” Tochman said, adding that law enforcement is still investigating many of the threats issued.

Jewish institutions – Jewish schools – were targeted by 589 anti-Semitic incidents in 2022, while 494 anti-Semitic incidents were also listed at non-Jewish schools.

“We’re convinced that the numbers reported in K-12 schools are the tip of the iceberg,” Tuchman said, adding that many children fear retaliation for reporting anti-Semitic bullying.

“Every Jewish child has the right to an education that is free from bullying and from anti-Semitic vandalism, harassment and assault,” Tuchman said. “And we are concerned about the long-term effects of anti-Semitic bullying on children’s mental health and how they perceive their own Jewishness.”

In 2022, a total of 219 anti-Semitic incidents occurred on 130 university and college campuses across the country – a 41% increase. Roughly one-third of the 90 incidents of vandalism recorded on campus involved swastikas.

“A call to action, not a source of fear”

ADL researchers and policy advisors continue to call on leaders to condemn anti-Semitic incidents.

“Public officials and civic leaders — from presidents to governors, attorneys general, mayors, other civic leaders and law enforcement authorities — must use their bully pulpits to speak out against anti-Semitism and all forms of hate and extremism,” the report said. has been .

In November 2022, the Department of Homeland Security published a public bulletin The warning is a “permanent threat to faith-based communities, including the Jewish community.”

The ADL is calling on lawmakers to take comprehensive action to combat all forms of domestic anti-Semitic extremism, including improving hate crime reporting and defunding it. Jabara-Hare No Hate Actwhich provides additional funding to states to help fight hate crimes

Fewer than two-thirds of law enforcement agencies reported hate crimes to the FBI last year, Marking a significant drop-off. There are more than 18,000 law enforcement agencies in the United States, but reporting of hate crime data by state, local, and tribal agencies remains voluntary.

ADL calls on technology platforms to ensure stronger policies against hate, including recommendations to make content policies and reporting features more accessible to users. The ADL last year found that online harassment “remains steady since 2020” in a survey released last year with 40% of respondents reporting some form of harassment, compared to 41% in 2021 and 44% in 2020.

For his part, Tuchman hopes the ADL’s report serves as a call to action for the Jewish community, without fear.

“I hope that the Jewish people of this country will take these events seriously, tighten security in their institutions, but remain proud and confident,” he told CBS News. “So they can live in American society without fear, knowing that the ADL is looking for them, but that many of their neighbors and other people in their communities are also looking for them… Our communities are strong and our people are safe. And these findings should be a call to action, but Not a source of fear and apprehension.”

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Nicole Sanga

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