Elections in the Philippines on May 9. Thousands of seats will be up for grabs on that day. But the biggest attraction is the presidential election. In the meantime, the campaign has started from last Tuesday. It remains to be seen who will replace incumbent President Rodrigo Duterte in the next six years.
Duterte, who has been criticized for extrajudicial killings in the fight against drugs, announced his resignation from politics in October last year. According to the country’s constitution, the president can only serve one term. According to him, Duterte has no chance to compete in the second round.
The Philippines, with a population of 11 million, has an average of 88.5 million voters. Most of them are expected to choose their preferred candidate through ballot.
Voting will take place on May 9 in the President, Vice President, 12 Senate seats, 300 seats in the lower house and 18,000 seats in the local administration, city mayors, provincial governors, and local councils. The president, vice president and senators will be elected for six years. The term of others is three years.
A voter will have the opportunity to choose the candidate of his choice for all the posts from a single ballot paper.
The Philippines, a Pacific nation with more than 7,000 islands, is located in Southeast Asia. In 1521 it became a Spanish colony. The country was annexed by the United States in 1896 and by the Japanese in 1942, and became independent in 1947.
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, rich-poor inequality is noticeable in this developing country. However, the average annual per capita income is 3,300 US dollars. The country’s 28 million people live in poverty.
The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is quite densely populated. Many people here have to make a living by cleaning the dirt. The rich, on the other hand, live in luxurious and protected areas. The country is mainly divided into three main islands. Luzon in the north, Visayas in the middle, and Mindanao in the south. Most people in the country believe in Roman Catholicism. And a large part of Mindanao is Muslim.
Elections to the Congress and regional governments will be held in May, in addition to the presidential election. Issues such as reviving the country’s economy from the severe recession caused by the Corona epidemic and freeing government departments from corruption are gaining importance in the elections. The issue of increasing China’s military presence in the sea between the Philippines and China is also gaining ground. China has built strategic bases in the sea and is using large ships to threaten Philippine shipping.
In this situation, the number of candidates running for the presidency of the Philippines is quite controversial and discussed for various reasons. Among them are the daughter of the outgoing president, the son of a former dictator and a world-famous boxer.