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Last US forces leave Afghanistan, bringing an end to a 20-year war launched in the aftermath of September 11 attacks

The last US forces have departed from Kabul airport, shortly before a midnight deadline for a full withdrawal, bringing an end to a 20-year conflict launched in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks.

America’s longest war cost the lives of nearly 50,000 Afghan civilians, 2,500 US service members, 66,000 Afghan national military and police, 457 British armed forces personnel, and 50,000 Taliban and opposition fighters.

It was a war overseen by four US presidents, fought by two generations of Americans, and at a cost of an estimated $2 trillion. It ended with the defeat of a superpower by an army of guerilla fighters, and the collapse of a decades-long state-building project in a matter of days.

The news of the last US flight leaving Kabul was announced by Taliban leaders amid reports of celebratory gunfire across the city.

Soon after, General Kenneth F. McKenzie, head of US Central Command, formally announced the end of the US military presence in the country.

“I’m here to announce the completion of our withdrawal from Afghanistan and the end of the military mission to evacuation American citizens, third country nationals and vulnerable Afghans,” he said.

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